Motomura et al 2011 (Ich. Res. 58:315-332) examined the original drawing of Scorpaena cardinalis Solander & Richardson, 1842 and demonstrated it to be identical to Scorpaena cookii Günther 1875. As the description of S. cardinalis predated S. cookii, S. cardinalis is now the valid name for this species. It occurs at offshore islands of the Tasman Sea (LHI, Norfolk, Middleton & Elizabeth Reefs) and northern NZ, but is not known from the mainland Australian coastline. The eastern Australian mainland species that was previously referred to as Scorpaena cardinalis (CAAB code 37 287066) is now known as S. jacksoniensis (see Motomura et al 2011).