CAAB - Codes for Australian Aquatic Biota - Taxon report

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Codes for Australian Aquatic Biota (CAAB) Taxon Report

Animalia (kingdom)  »  Chordata (phylum)  »  Ascidiacea (class)  »  Phlebobranchia (order)  »  Cionidae (family)

CAAB Code: 35 010001 show as JSON
Scientific Name
and Authority

Ciona robusta   Hoshino & Tokioka, 1967

Rank: Species
CAAB category: 35 - Tunicata Tunicates (ascidians, larvaceans and salps)
Family: 35 10 Cionidae (ascidians, sea squirts) - show full list
Common Name: [an ascidian]
Organism Type: an ascidian
Synonyms: Ciona intestinalis
Taxon lists: Current Australian list:
Commercial species list:
Standard Fish Names List:
Habitat: Marine unspecified
Parent Codes: 35 010901     Ciona spp.
Taxon Notes:Ciona intestinalis has previously been regarded as cosmopolitan species and potentially introduced into many areas. Recent molecular work has shown that more than one species was included under this name. C. intestinalis s.s. (= type B) is found predominantly in the north Atlantic, but also in other areas, eg Yellow Sea. The Indo-Pacific (including Australia and New Zealand), Mediterranean and southern African form (= C. intestinalis type A) is now recognised as distinct.
Scientific Name Notes:C. intestinalis type A is now recognised as a distinct species - C. robusta - this form is the one most widely used as an experimental animal and published as C. intestinalis. All Australasian records of the latter probably refer to C. robusta, but any records from anywhere need to be re-examined to determine their identity. There are sympatric populations and both species have probably been accidentally introduced into other areas by shipping.

Name status: synonym    Checked on: 2019-11-21
View at Atlas of Living Australia
Name status: accepted    Checked on: 2017-03-02
View at WoRMS    - also at Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS) (report and map of occurrences)
Record source: Wells, A. Houston, W. W. K. , Editors, 1998, Zoological catalogue of Australia. Volume 34. Hemichordata, Tunicata, Cephalochordata. CSIRO, East Melbourne
Scientific Name
verified against
Brunetti, R., Gissi, C., Pennati, R., Caicci, F., Gasparini, F., Manni, L., 2015. Morphological evidence that the molecularly determined Ciona intestinalis type A and type B are different species: Ciona robusta and Ciona intestinalis., Journal of Zooligical Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Vol. 53(3): 186-193. . doi:10.1111/jzs.12101 doi:10.1111/jzs.12101
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