CAAB - Codes for Australian Aquatic Biota - Taxon report

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CAAB Taxon Report

Animalia (kingdom)  »  Mollusca (phylum)  »  Bivalvia (class)  »  Mytiloida (order)  »  Mytilidae (family)

CAAB Code: 23 220001 show as JSON
Scientific Name
and Authority
Mytilus galloprovincialis    Lamarck, 1819
CAAB category: 23 - Mollusca - non-Gastropod groups
Family: Mytilidae (mussels) - show full list
Common Name: Blue Mussel

Occurrence locations [2] shown as red circles - View CSIRO Catch records
Recent Synonyms: Mytilus planulatus
Mytilus edulis
Mytilus edulis planulatus
Mytilus galloprovincialis planulatus
Mytilus edulis aoteanus
Mytilus aoteanus
Common Names List: blue mussel
Australian blue mussel
black mussel
Organism Type: a mussel
Taxon Notes:Recent genetic work has shown that the Mytilus mussels in this region most likely originate from an invasion of M. galloprovincialis from the northern Atlantic during the Pleistocene and then became isolated. However, there is also evidence of very recent invasions from northern Europe, probably associated with shipping, and recent genetic work has shown extensive interbreeding between the native Mytilus and these recent arrivals.
Scientific Name Notes:This species has been known under several names in this region, including Mytilus edulis and M. planulatus. While the Australian/New Zealand population has some genetic differences from European M. galloprovincialis, recent genetic work has shown that they are not sufficiently distinct to be considered separate species or even subspecies.
Parent Codes: 23 220918     Mytilus spp.

Australian Faunal Directory (AFD)
Name status: accepted    Checked on: 2019-11-21
View at Atlas of Living Australia
ITIS (USA) 79456
View at ITIS
Museum of Victoria 1562
World Register of Marine Species
Name status: accepted    Checked on: 2016-05-11
View at WoRMS    - also at OBIS (report and map of occurrences)
Taxon lists: Current Australian list:
Commercial species list:
Standard Fish Names List:
Regions: Australia (inc. subantarctic territories)
New Zealand (inc. subantarctic territories)
Habitat: Marine unspecified
Coastal (0-50m)
Record source: Lamprell, K. Healy, J., 1998, Bivalves of Australia. Volume 2. Backhuys, Leiden
Scientific Name
verified against
Ab Rahim, E.S. Nguyen, T.T.T. Ingram, B. Riginos, C. Weston, K.J. Sherman, C.D.H., 2016. Species composition and hybridisation of mussel species (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) in Australia., Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 67: 1955-1963. .

Record details

Record entered on 1-Jan-1997 00:00 by Gordon Yearsley, CSIRO Taxonomy Group - FRDC project
Record modified on 3-Oct-2018 13:03 by Karen Gowlett-Holmes
Modification description: updated
Modification history:
01-OCT-1999: Code updated from interim to new systematic code (Tony Rees)
05-OCT-1999: specific name changed to edulis without ssp. (Tony Rees)
20-JUL-2000: add author (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
25-OCT-2005: update name (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
 (previous species name: edulis)
 (previous authority: Linnaeus)
 (previous publication year: 1758)
27-JUN-2013: update name (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
27-JUN-2013: corrected (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
 (previous species name: galloprovincialis)
27-JUN-2013: add common name (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
10-JUN-2015: add MoV number (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
15-MAR-2016: add taxon note (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
05-DEC-2016: update taxon note (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
 (previous species name: planulatus)
03-OCT-2018: updated (Karen Gowlett-Holmes)
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