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CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research
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Atmosphere and land observation and assessment


Climate variability and change


Aquaculture genetics, nutrition and production


Marine biogeochemistry


Marine ecological processes and prediction


Integrated marine and coastal assessment and management


Weather and environment prediction


Earth system modelling


Ocean observation, analysis and prediction


Partnerships & collaborations

Products & Services

A collaborative research project with Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre and CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research




Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre


Australian Climate Change Science Program


Oceanographic research vessel Southern Surveyor



How ocean carbon levels influence climate and marine life

A study of the Southern Ocean’s role in global climate began in March 2006 when Australian scientists headed to the sub-Antarctic aboard a research vessel to monitor carbon dioxide in the ocean and assess its influence on marine life.

The Subantarctic Zone (SAZ) of the Southern Ocean is a major sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. Transfer of the CO2 to the ocean interior involves both physical and biological processes. Transfer of the CO2 through the ocean surface mixed layer (~ top 100m) is a highly dynamic process that varies dramatically on seasonal timescales.

Dr Trull

Scientist Interviews
Hear scientists talk about the effects of increased carbon levels on ocean life and climate [video, audio and podcasts].


Research Voyage - March 2006
Southern Surveyor PULSE voyage: plankton production and air-sea carbon exchange in the Southern Ocean.


Research Voyages on the Aurora Australis

Last updated 6/01/12